Table of Contents

  1. Team
  2. Alumni
  4. Terms of use


The Environmental Footprints web-page collects data from multiple international databases and enables users to extract environmental information of countries and regions.
To facilitate the data comparability, environmental accounts are provided in a standardised classification. In addition, the Environmental Footprints web-page includes various visualisations to illustrate the environmental impacts of countries with an in detail break down of EU regions.
The results presented here only show output from considerable amount of work put into the original databases - so please cite and use the original data for your analysis. The results also utilise standardised classifications developed by others.


Our research group explores the environmental sustainability of production, consumption, trade and economic growth.




EXIOBASE is a global, detailed Multi-regional Environmentally Extended Supply and Use / Input Output (MR EE SUT/IOT) database. It was developed by harmonizing and detailing SUT for a large number of countries, estimating emissions and resource extractions by industry, linking countries and industries by trade. The international input-output table that can be used for the analysis of the environmental impacts associated with the final consumption of product groups. To facilitate the data comparability, environmental accounts are provided in a standardised classification.


WIOD that provides the opportunity to analyse consequences of fragmentation, e.g. shifting patterns in demand for skills in labour markets, or local emissions. WIOD provides time-series of world input-output tables for forty countries worldwide and a model for the rest-of-the-world, covering the period from 1995 to 2011. These tables have been constructed in a clear conceptual framework on the basis of officially published input-output tables in conjunction with national accounts and international trade statistics. In addition, WIOD provides data on labour and capital inputs and pollution indicators at the industry level that can be used in conjunction enlarging the scope of possible applications.


Eora provides time series of high resolution IO tables with matching environmental and social satellite accounts for 187 countries. Full list, high-resolution heterogeneous classification, or 25-sector harmonised classification, raw data drawn from the UN’s System of National Accounts and COMTRADE databases, Eurostat, IDE/JETRO, and numerous national agencies, distinction between basic prices and purchasers’ prices through 5 mark-ups, and reliability statistics (estimates of standard deviation) for all results. The database features 187 individual countries represented by a total of 15,909 sectors, continuous coverage for the period 1990-2011 (satellite accounts to 2010). In terms of environmental extensions, 35 types of environmental indicators are featured covering air pollution, energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, water use, Ecological Footprint, and Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity.


OECD inter-country input-output (ICIO) table was first constructed for the calculation of Trade in Value Added (TiVA) indicators during a joint OECD-WTO project. In addition to the TiVA indicators, extensions of the ICIO regarding CO<sub>2</sub> emissions from fuel combustion (based on IEA CO<sub>2</sub> data), energy used for electricity production (based on IEA energy balances) and trade in employment are available. The 2015 edition of the ICIO database includes 61 economies covering OECD, EU28, G20, most East and South-east Asian economies and a selection of South American countries. The industry list has been expanded to cover 34 unique industrial sectors, including 16 manufacturing and 14 services sectors. The years covered are 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2008 to 2011, a time series from 1995 to 2011.


GTAP network of researchers and policy makers conducting quantitative analysis of international policy issues. GTAP is coordinated by the Center for Global Trade Analysis in Purdue University&#8217;s Department of Agricultural Economics. The centerpiece of the Global Trade Analysis Project is the GTAP Data Base, a fully documented, publicly available global data base which contains complete bilateral trade information, transport and protection linkages. The GTAP database represents the world economy and is utilized by thousands worldwide as a key input into contemporary applied general equilibrium (AGE) analysis of global economic issues. The current release, the GTAP 9 Data Base, features 2004, 2007 and 2011 reference years as well as 140 regions for all 57 GTAP commodities. The GTAP 9 database is converted into a MRIO model for calculation of environmental footprints for this website. Environmental extensions include Energy Use, and various greenhouse gas emissions.

Terms of use

  1. Terms
  2. By accessing this web site, you are agreeing to be bound by these web site Terms and Conditions of Use, all applicable laws and regulations, and agree that you are responsible for compliance with any applicable local laws. If you do not agree with any of these terms, you are prohibited from using or accessing this site. The materials contained in this web site are protected by applicable copyright and trade mark law.

    This web-page and its contents reflects simple (open-source) calculations based on publicly available MRIO databases. The use of this data means the acceptance of the terms of use of the databases providing this data. A huge amount of work goes into constructing these databases, and the results presented here are a simple analysis of the data. Users are referred to the respective database homepage for further information. The results presented here are a (near as possible) harmonization of environmental impact categories across the databases.

  3. References
  4. For use of the database, please cite: Stadler, Konstantin; Lonka, Radek; Moran, Daniel; Pallas, Georgios; Wood, Richard. (2015) The Environmental Footprints Explorer - a database for global sustainable accounting. The Environmental Footprints Explorer - a database for global sustainable accounting. EnviroInfo & ICT4S, Adjunct Proceedings (Part 2).

    Users of this site are encouraged to reference directly the original databases. The original databases contain a considerable amount of extra detail than presented here.


    Timmer, M. P., Dietzenbacher, E., Los, B., Stehrer, R. and de Vries, G. J. (2015), “An Illustrated User Guide to the World Input–Output Database: the Case of Global Automotive Production”, Review of International Economics. (DOI: 10.1111/roie.12178)


    Tukker, A., de Koning, A., Wood, R., Hawkins, T., Lutter, S., Acosta, J., Rueda Cantuche, J.M., Bouwmeester, M., Oosterhaven, J., Drosdowski, T., Kuenen, J. EXIOPOL – DEVELOPMENT AND ILLUSTRATIVE ANALYSES OF A DETAILED GLOBAL MR EE SUT/IOT (2013) Economic Systems Research, 25 (1), pp. 50-70.

    Wood, R., Stadler, K., Bulavskaya, T., Lutter, S., Giljum, S., de Koning, A., Kuenen, J., Schütz, H., Acosta-Fernández, J., Usubiaga, A., Simas, M., Ivanova, O., Weinzettel, J., Schmidt, J.H., Merciai, S., Tukker, A. Global sustainability accounting-developing EXIOBASE for multi-regional footprint analysis (2015) Sustainability (Switzerland), 7 (1), pp. 138-163. (link)


    Lenzen M, Kanemoto K; Moran D, and Geschke A (2012) Mapping the structure of the world economy, Environmental Science & Technology 46(15) pp 8374-8381. DOI: 10.1021/es300171x

    Lenzen, M., Moran, D., Kanemoto, K., Geschke, A. (2013) Building Eora: A Global Multi-regional Input-Output Database at High Country and Sector Resolution, Economic Systems Research, 25:1, 20-49,DOI:10.1080/09535314.2013.769938

    The common classification used on this website was developed under the following work:

    Owen, Anne; Steen-Olsen, Kjartan; Barrett, John; Wiedmann, Thomas; Lenzen, Manfred. (2014) A Structural Decomposition Approach To Comparing MRIO Databases. Economic Systems Research. vol. 26 (3)

    Steen-Olsen, Kjartan; Owen, Anne; Hertwich, Edgar G.; Lenzen, Manfred.(2014) Effects of Sector Aggregation on CO2 Multipliers in Multiregional Input-Output Analyses. Economic Systems Research. vol. 26 (3)


    Narayanan, G., Badri, Angel Aguiar and Robert McDougall, Eds. 2015. Global Trade, Assistance, and Production: The GTAP 9 Data Base, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Purdue University

    OECD ICIO (2015) Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) Tables, edition 2015: Access to data at http://oe.cd/icio.

  5. Use License
  6. The data available is only for non-commercial use. For commercial-use, please take contact – Exiobase and Eora have specific terms to their use, and users are encouraged to get in contact directly with the teams behind these databases as listed below. When using results from this web platform, references should be made to the recommended papers of the underlying databases.

  7. Disclaimer
  8. Notwithstanding, results displayed in this web platform are based upon these aforementioned databases, but any calculation errors are the responsibility of the developers of this web platform.

    The content of this web is distributed on an “AS IS” basis, without warranty. We disclaim all warranties, expressed or implied, including, but without limitation.

    It is the responsibility of user to verify and to assess the validity and integrity of the content product prior to its use and to decide whether or not it fits for the intended use.

  9. Acceptance of Terms of Use